1: Teratog Carcinog Mutagen 2003;23 Suppl 1:35-45  

Expression of aphidicolin-induced fragile sites and their relationship between genetic susceptibility in breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and non-small-cell lung cancer patients.

Dhillon VS, Husain SA, Ray GN.

Department of Molecular and Clinical Genetics, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, Australia.

Fragile sites are nonrandomly located gaps and/or breaks and their expres-sion can be induced by specific culture conditions. There are many reports in the literature that indicate that these sites can act as factors that predispose to specific chromosome aberrations and other complex rearrangement in the chromosome and their association with cancers. In the present study, the expression of the fragile sites induced by aphidicolin was evaluated on prometaphase chromosomes from peripheral blood lymphocytes of 55 patients with breast cancer patients belonging to different stages of the cancer, 25 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer, and 13 with non-small-cell lung cancer, 100 of their first-degree clinically healthy female relatives, and 100 normal age-matched healthy persons without a familial history of cancer. The frequency of expression of the fragile sites in cancer patients and their first-degree relatives was found to be statistically significant (P<0.05) than those of the controls. In different stages of breast cancer patients, 6q26 is the best-defined fragile site whereas 13q13 is confined to stage II and stage III patients only. The chromosomal aberration rate/cell in breast cancer patients was found to be 0.29+/-0.13, in epithelial ovarian cancer patients 0.38+/-0.14, and in non-small-cell lung cancer 0.29+/-0.11 as compared to 0.07+/-0.03 in controls, and was found to be statistically significant. Therefore, our results indicate that these fragile sites may be the unstable sites in the genome and, hence, can be used as suitable and reliable markers for genetic predisposition to breast cancer, epithelial ovarian cancer, and in non-small-cell lung cancer. Teratogenesis Carcinog. Mutagen. Suppl. 1:35-45, 2003. Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID: 12616595